Don’t get caught off guard by small-large disturbances, many of which are related to the spring season. Here you will find a vademecum to organize themedicine cabinet, namely i medications of first aid necessary to stop an allergy or a violent migraine attack. That’s what you need to always keep on hand.

Red eyes and stuffy nose

Red, swollen and itchy eyes, which tear easily, indicate a pollinosis, that is, one allergic reaction to the pollen of grasses, betulaceae, parietariae and cupressaceae, which bloom in the spring season. They generally accompany the classic rhinitis with blocked nose with alternate nostrils, itchy mucous membranes and watery secretions.

What to do? “The first remedies present inmedicine cabinet they must be cleansing solutions based on physiological solution, thermal water or sea water, both in the form of eye drops and as a nasal spray “, he explains Lino Di Rienzo Businco, specialist in otolaryngology and rhinoallergology at the Coni Sport Lab in Rome. «They are used to moisturize the nasal and conjunctival mucous membranes, to relieve them and, above all, to remove those micro-granules of pollen that act as allergens. Morning and evening, therefore, green light for cleansing.

To calm the discomfort, eye drops and nasal sprays with second generation antihistamines (levocabastine, spaglumic acid, ketotifen or nedocromil sodium) should be used to be used morning and evening or three times a day if necessary “.

Shortness of breath from allergies

In many cases the allergic reaction it can lead to bronchospasm, with “air hunger” and breathing difficulties. In this case, if you know you are a subject allergic, you must always fear an asthma attack and take a pressurized inhaler spray with pre-dosed “puff”, which combines the bronchodilator and the cortisone drug in a single can.

“If the situation does not improve on the second day, you must consult a doctor because theasthma is an insidious pathology which cannot be managed alone for long, ”warns Dr. Businco. “Where the dyspnea (breathing difficulties) is accompanied by a high fever, chills and cough, better call 911 to verify that it is not an infection Coronavirus“.

Against various types of pain

If the “cervical” returns to strike treacherously or if the period is more painful than usual, focus on anti-inflammatory fast-acting non-steroids, which soothe pain within 10 minutes.

It is sufficient to observe that the packaging of the medicine shows the writing “Fast” or “rapid”. «In general, the micro-tablets of acetylsalicylic acid that dissolve immediately in the mouth, or the sachets of effervescent granules, for example of ketoprofen “, suggests Carlo Gargiulo, family doctor. «The buccal sachets in the“ pocket ”version are also very practical: you pour the powder directly into your mouth and wait for it to take effect within a quarter of an hour».

Failing anti-inflammatory, you can use like painkiller paracetamol, which boasts a moderate analgesic effect, as well as lowering the temperature. In case of back pain or acute neck pain, due to muscle contractures, it is better to keep self-heating patches at home, which release heat for eight hours, helping to dissolve tensions.

Or, alternatively (but never use them together!), You can use anti-inflammatory gels to massage on the sore part or patches that release the active ingredient on the spot, transdermally, such as those with diclofenac.

If your throat burns

For sore throats, candies and disinfectant sprays based on flurbiprofen work well, which relieve pain and inflammation. But if it doesn’t, something stronger, like i new oropharyngeal sprays which combine three active ingredients: an antibiotic (such as thyrotricin), a local anesthetic (such as benzocaine, which reduces heartburn) and a disinfectant / antiseptic (such as cetrimony bromide). “In this case theantibiotic, sprayed in the throat, has a localized action and does not upset the intestinal flora. If after two days the sore throat does not go away, it is still necessary to be examined », warns Gargiulo.

Digestion haywire

The change in rhythms and eating habits imposed by the emergency Coronavirus can lead to widespread nervousness, which affects ours gastrointestinal system. «Even those who do not suffer from heartburn can experience in this stressful period digestive disorders», Gargiulo specifies.

«You can run for cover with remedies like the sodium bicarbonate or the magnesium citrate to be taken at the end of a meal to buffer excess gastric juices. Against occasional constipation, also due to lack of physical activity, I recommend increasing the intake of water and vegetables at every meal. And if that’s not enough, you can rely on the mild laxative effect of psyllium, inulin or macrogol sachets, soluble fibers which, by drawing water into the intestine, facilitate its transit ».

Pulse oximeter: what it is and how it works

You buy it online for about € 10 and it has become the protagonist of the checks for Covid 19. It is the oximeter, an instrument that quickly and painlessly detects the level of oxygen circulating in the blood.

“With a kind of” clothespin “one pinches a finger and reads the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with the oxygen present in the capillary blood”, explains Gargiulo. «If it is 95% or more, everything is fine. If, on the other hand, it is below 95%, it means that blood oxygenation is poor. A fact that can also depend on bronchitis or allergy bronchospasm ».

However, if the suspected value is accompanied by fever, dyspnea (breathlessness), cough, sore throat, chills, loss of the ability to recognize smells and tastes and malaise it could be Coronavirus and call 118.

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Article published on n. 17 of, on newsstands and in the app from 21 April 2020