Diverticulosis is a I disturb characterized by the appearance of small protrusions along the walls of theintestine or of colon. Often it is asymptomatic, but the problem should not be underestimated, as it is not a rare condition and because the situation can become complicated by causing it inflammations or bleeding.

The Italian Association of Hospital Gastroenterologists and Digestive Endoscopists (AIGO) has dispelled some beliefs. Let’s see them together.

How important is age in the progress of diverticulosis

The prevalence of diverticulosis increases with age. In the young under the age of 30 it is estimated at around 1-2%, towards the age of 50 it increases up to 30%, while in the Senior citizens (around 80-85 years) is around 65% of diffusion. Diverticulosis is often discovered when performing a diagnostic examination executed for another reason and becomes disease in a relatively small percentage of cases (around 15-20%): when the presence of diverticula is associated with real symptoms.

Is there a correct diet for diverticulosis?

Unfortunately many patients have the belief that always theirs abdominal pain come from diverticula and therefore, once discovered, they must be treated in some way. Since generally there is no doctor willing to endorse this belief, we resort toself-prescription of substances or supplements of various types and of dubious effectiveness. Very often we rely on do it yourself diets which have in common the drastic reduction of the assumption of fibers. Basically, one correct and balanced diet, the reduction of consumption of red meats is one healthy lifestyle, are the most useful tips to follow.

How to deal with fruits and vegetables that contain seeds?

It is easy to find people who, having discovered the problem of diverticulosis, avoid fruits and vegetables with seeds thinking that these can somehow block a diverticulum causing the onset of complications. Instead, it is now proven that seeds and dried fruit, thanks to the fibers they contain, play a protective role and can help reduce or slow down the formation of the diverticula themselves going to reduce pressure that is created inside the colon.

Is diverticulosis a typical problem of the summer season?

It seems that in recent years the belief has spread that in summer the increase in temperature favor inflammation and therefore the onset of symptoms (pain, swelling, alteration of the hive) related to diverticulosis. AIGO believes that this is a statement entirely unfounded, as it is from refute the belief that the presence of diverticula favors the onset of colon cancer.

The right therapy for diverticulosis

As for the therapy, the latter is necessary only for the forms symptomatic (15-20% of the total). In the milder ones it is sufficient to take intestinal anti-inflammatories, as well as the paracetamol only in case of pain. In diverticulitis acute uncomplicated fasting (with intravenous nutrition), the administration of antipyretics And pain relievers and possibly of antibiotics. In complicated forms, in addition to these aids, it is possible that the most advanced intervention of doctors is required specific therapies.

To ward off possible new episodes there is no infallible method but clinical experience leads us to believe that a good one regularity of the alvo, a ‘adequate physical activitya, a reduced consumption of red meats, along with a good one fiber intake, within a “diet Mediterranean”, May be useful.

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